The first named plant of the Bible other than the Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Adam and Eve used its leaves to sew garments when they realized they were naked.Genesis 3:7 It was one of the 7 species of food in abundance in the promised land Deuteronomy 8:8-10
In 1 Kings 4:25 it was listed as a great accomplishment: During Solomon's lifetime Judah and Israel, from Dan to Beersheba, lived in safety, each man under his own vine and fig tree. This wonderful situation was later turned around during the reign of Hezekiah as 2 Kings 18:5-7 testify: Hezekiah trusted Jehovah, the God of Israel, there was no one like him among all the kings of Judah either before or after him. He held fast to Jehovah and did not cease to follow him; he kept the commands Jehovah had given Moses, and Jehovah was with him; he was successful in whatever he undertook. He rebelled against the King of Assyria and did not serve him.
The Assyrian commander addressed the people and said, "Do not listen to Hezekiah, this is what the King of Assyria says: Make peace with me and come out to me. Then each one of you will eat from his own vine and fig tree and drink water from his own cistern, until I come and take you to a land like your own...." 2 Kings 18:31-32 Of course Jehovah was fond of Hezekiah and his people and the Assyrian invasion was not successful this time.
The Fig Tree and figs are featured in the Book of Jeremiah.